USS PHILIP (DD-498)
The second Philip (DD-498) was laid down by the Federal Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Co.
7 May 1942; launched 13 October 1942; sponsored by Mrs. Barrett Philip and commissioned 21 November
Comdr. Thomas C. Ragan in command.
Philip's first mission came during the early morning of 30 June 1943
when she bombarded
installations in the Shortland Islands area in the southwest Pacific. Operating in the screen of the Second
on 15 August 1943
made a good showing in her first scrape with the enemy. Several
bomb splashes were seen near Barakoma Beach
indicating that Japanese bombers were
attacking the LCI's unloading there. A few minutes later
two dive bombers headed for Philip to unload their
explosives. Each plane dropped a bomb but both missed. The first plane
taken under fire by the ship's guns
kept getting closer until a friendly Corsair took over the fight. Guns were shifted to the second and they soon
found their range
splashing tho plane into the sea.
Enemy planes came back for another attack at nightfall. Silhouetted clearly against a full moon
picked out the most desirable target. One torpedo wake passed a few yards astern and another crossed
parallel to the ship after it was seen in time to take evasive action. The ship's guns kept barking at one of the
finally shooting it down.
Again during the next evening
Japanese planes came in to pay their regular visit. This time their
objective proved to be the cumbersome LST's withdrawing from Barakoma Beach. While laying a heavy smoke
screen and shooting at the planes Philip collided with Waller (DD-466) under the cover of her own smoke.
Although damage to both vessels resulted
damage control parties of both ships rigged up shoring to prevent
flooding and stayed in the battle. Philip kept her guns blazing away at the swarming Japanese
one plane was
shot down and another was claimed as a possible kill.
There was no let-up from enemy raids on the next day as the Japanese pressed their attempts to
dislodge American forces from their toehold on the Solomons. One dive bomber sent his torpedo flying between
the ship's stacks and another went splashing into the sea 30 yards to port. A second attack brought another
close call; two torpedoes dropped 15 yards astern. Philip's gunners shot down one of the dive bombers.
Two days later
while leading a convoy out of Tulagi
the destroyer launched a pair of attacks on what
appeared to be a Japanese sub
without damage to the enemy.
On 27 October
the destroyer fired at mortar emplacements on Mono Island and then came into
Solomons. Six Val-type enemy planes zoomed into the harbor in an attempt
to destroy the transports sitting there. The attack was repelled and Philip did her share by sending one plane
away in flames.
A barge sweep off Bougainville and bombardment of Choiseul Bay was conducted on 8 January 1944;
ten days later
the destroyer returned for another blow on Bougainville
raking the island's northeast shores with
Leading a convoy of LCI's into Bougainville on 15 February
Philip weathered a bombing attack
reminiscent of her earlier days; but she retaliated in like manner
damaging one plane and repelling the others.
After a methodical bombardment of Empress Augusta Bay 14 March
Philip left to take part in a
tedious campaign in the Marianas. From 17 June to the end of July
the destroyer's guns blazed red hot as they
hammered almost daily at enemy positions on Saipan and Tinian. Known gun emplacements
and air fields were the main targets although several swipes were also taken at small craft in
Tinian and boats in Tanapag Harbor.
The Philippines came next. An assault on Mindoro
was her initial step. One
airplane was damaged in the battle. More fierce airplane attacks came when Philip joined a screening force
around a resupply echelon traveling from Leyte to Mindoro
later that month. Frequent raids with coordinated
bombing and suicide attacks by as many as six planes at one time greeted the slow convoy during its entire
trip. Two of the attackers were shot down by the destroyer and another was damaged. A 20-millimeter shell
fired by an LCT at a Japanese plane
landed upon the aluminum spray shield on the ship's starboard bridge
tearing a hole in the structure and wounding two men. One of the wounded men died five hours after the
Many of the ships were not as fortunate as Philip which escaped with comparatively little damage.
Suiciders had a field day in crashing into the not easily maneuverable merchant ships.
Gansevoort (DD-608) received a suicide hit and Philip steamed to her comrade's rescue. Two of her
acting upon their own initiative boarded the crippled destroyer
set her depth charges on safe
Steaming out of Leyte 5 January 1945
Philip sailed to join a task group which went on to invade
9 January. The destroyer remained in the area until 12 January
screening the transports as they unloaded. Several air attacks and suicide boat assaults were encountered
during the journey from Leyte.
During the dark early morning of 10 January
the destroyer challenged a small boat which it picked up
on radar. The small craft
did not reply. After illuminating the small explosive-laden boat
opened with its 20-millimeter and .45 sub-machine guns. The boat turned sharply headed directly for the ship's
port side amidships
but was exploded 20 yards short of her mark.
Two brief fire support missions were conducted in the occupation of Zamboanga Peninsula
during March and assaults on Sanga Sanga and Jolo Islands
successfully conducted by Philip during 2-10 April.
On 30 April
the destroyer joined a special attack unit to transport
and establish units of the
26th Australian Brigade on Sanau
N.E.I. Major landings on Tarakan Island followed a day later; enemy
opposition in force was surprisingly absent.
Relieved of radar picket duty off Brunei Bay on 12 June
Philip rendezvoused with a minesweeping
group and left to clear the area of Miri-Luton
in preparation for an assault which was to come
seven days later.
Having previously paved the way for an assault landing on Brunei Bay
Philip covered the
"sweeps" while preparations were made for the next invasion A total of 246 mines were cut loose from the
not without loss of much valuable sweep gear. Hostile gun positions in the Miri area were
softened by the destroyer while the minesweepers performed their chores.
Elements of the First Australian Corps
loaded at Morotai landed at Balikpapan
Philip stood guard for enemy attempts to hinder the invasion. Remaining in the area until 19 July
bombarded the surrounding shores and helped repel such feeble air attacks as the Japanese could muster.
The end of the war followed the Borneo operation but it did not bring about immediate return to the
United States for the busy destroyer. She was sent to China on mine destruction duty and remained in the
Pacific area until late in 1945.
The veteran destroyer got back to the West Coast just in time to allow the crew to spend New Year's
Eve on home soil. She subsequently sailed to the Atlantic and
by Directive dated January 1947
out of commission
in reserve attached to the U.S. Atlantic Reserve Fleet
berthed at Charleston
Philip's classification was changed to DDE 498 on 26 March 1949.
Philip recommissioned at Charleston
S.C. 30 June 1950
and sailed to the Panama Canal Zone and
San Diego enroute to her new home port
Pearl Harbor. Here she arrived 10 September 1950
assumed her part in advanced hunter-killer exercises. During the autumn of 1950 Philip acted as plane guard for
the aircraft bearing President Harry S. Truman to his mid-ocean conference with General Douglas MacArthur
on Wake Island.
Philip departed Pearl Harbor 1 June 1951 for Midway and Yokosuka
Japan. On 15 June
Task Force 77 in the Sea of Japan for duty screening the fast carrier task force as It conducted air operations
against enemy forces in North Korea. She returned to Japan for antisubmarine warfare exercises from 30 June
to 10 July
and next day sailed for Taiwan and duty on patrol in the Taiwan Straits. A visit to Hong Kong which
began 29 July was interrupted by Typhoon "Louise." Through August
Philip continued her patrol duties
early in September conducted anti-submarine exercises off Okinawa until 11 September when she put into
Yokosuka for upkeep.
On 24 September 1951 Philip was bound for the east coast of Korea. Here she had escort duty with
Task Force 77 until 3 October
when she received orders which sent her to duty on the west coast of Korea with
the United Nations Naval Forces which included Australian and English units. Here Philip screened the carrier
and served to enforce the naval blockade on the 38th parallel.
Fighting her way through the most devastating typhoon in years
" Philip steamed back to duty
with Task Force 77
joining up 15 October. Released from this duty 31 October. Philip proceeded to Yokosuka
and departed 2 November for Pearl Harbor.
On arriving at Pearl Harbor
the ship commenced a yard period
which was followed by a period of
refresher training. Underway training and plane guard duty continued until 27 October 1952
when Philip began a
short drydock period
part of her preparation for another tour of duty in the Korean conflict. She departed Pearl
Harbor 10 November
bound for Yokosuka
where she arrived ten days later.
Late in the afternoon of 25 November 1952 Philip joined Task Force 78
and began duty in the screen
of the task force. Later duty included a shore bombardment patrol in company with Los Angeles (CA-135) in the
vicinity of latitude 38° 30'N off the east coast of Korea. On 5 December
the two vessels entered Wonsan Harbor
to fire on shore targets
and then returned to the bombline to carry out call fire missions. Steady steaming with
TF-78 was resumed from 8 December until 27 December
interrupted only by a night search for a sonar contact
and two rescue missions for pilots of downed aircraft. After a period of tender availability in Yokosuka
resumed similar duty until May 1953.
Philip returned to Pearl Harbor 29 May 1953
and operated for a month in training exercises. Late in
June she began an intensive three month overhaul at Pearl Harbor Naval Shipyard. Overhaul completed
returned to a busy schedule of operations in the Hawaiian group which included search and rescue missions
practice shore bombardment
and carrier plane guard duties.
A major fleet exercise occupied Philip during the first months of 1954
and she then began
preparations for another journey to the Western Pacific On 14 June
she stood out for Yokosuka
she arrived 23 June
mooring alongside Hamul (AD-20) for two days of tender availability. Philip then got
underway for the Shimonoseki Straits and Chinhae
Korea. After reporting for duty with Task Force 95
steamed to Inchon to join HMS Warrior and act as planeguard for the British carrier on the United Nations
Blockade. Philip escorted Warrior to Kure
and sailed on to Sasebo for a week's restricted
After further service in Korean waters
Philip left Japan for Pearl Harbor
arriving home 29 August 1954
for a month's overhaul
She resumed operations in the Hawaiian Islands until 15 March 1955
when she entered
the yard for a comprehensive overhaul. Overhaul was followed by refresher training and preparation for
another Far Eastern deployment. On 8 August 1955
she sailed for Yokosuka
arriving ten days later. On
this tour of duty
she participated in large scale antisubmarine warfare exercises off Okinawa
Task Force 77
and served on the Taiwan Patrol before heading for home 6 January 1956.
Operations in Hawaiian waters occupied Philip between 15 January 1956
and 30 October
once more took departure for the Far East. Serving primarily in Japanese waters
Philip completed a shorter
tour than previously
and was back home in Pearl Harbor 22 January 1957. During 1957
she joined Destroyer
unique in its three divisions
rather than the usual two. The escort destroyers of Destroyer
Squadron 25 were so deployed that one division of the three was in the Far East at any given time
and it was on
this schedule that Philip once more sailed for the Orient 27 December.
Arriving in Yokosuka 5 January 1958 Philip served on exercises off Japan and Okinawa
and in the South China Sea until 23 April
when her division began the homeward bound
voyage by an unusual route. Arriving in Brisbane
Australia 2 May
Philip visited Melbourne and Sydney
New Zealand; and Pago Pago
before returning to Pearl Harbor 29 May. Here she
resumed her operations in the Hawaiian Group throughout the remainder of 1958.
From the latter part of June 1958 until the end of January 1959
Philip took part in hunter-killer
operations conducted shore bombardment
air and surface shoots
single and dual ship antisubmarine
and fulfilled the duties of planeguard destroyer for the super carrier Ranger. On 18 February Philip
and the other escort destroyers of DesDiv 252 got underway and proceeded to Yokosuka
operated around Japan and in the South China Sea before arriving Brisbane
11 July. The
deployment ended at Pearl Harbor 30 July.
The division sailed from Honolulu again for Yokosuka 22 April 1960. After operating in the waters of
Japan and Okinawa Philip returned to Pearl Harbor 29 October 1960. On 4 February 1962 Philip was off for
Yokosuka again. This cruise was spent in the waters of Japan
and Vietnam. Effective 1 July
1962 Philip was redesignated from DDE to DD. Philip returned to Pearl Harbor 18 July 1962.
Philip steamed again for Yokosuka 12 November 1963 operating again in Japanese
and returning to Pearl Harbor 10 April 1964. After another period of operations out of
Philip steamed for Yokosuka again 19 April 1965. This cruise was highlighted by duty on Yankee
Station off Vietnam and by patrol of the Taiwan straits. She returned home 1 October 1965. She
decommissioned 30 September 1968 and was struck from the Navy List 1 October 1968.
Philip received nine battle stars for World War II service and five battle stars for Korean War Service.
[Note: The above USS PHILIP (DD-498) history may or may not contain text provided by crew members of the USS PHILIP (DD-498) or by other non-crew members and text from the Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships]