USS ST. PAUL (CA-73)
The second St. Paul (CA-73),
ex-Rochester, was laid down
on 3 February 1943 by the Bethlehem Steel Co., Quincy, Mass.; launched on 16 September 1944; sponsored by Mrs. John J. McDonough; and commissioned on 17 February 1945, Capt. Ernest H. von Heimburg in command.
After shakedown in the
Caribbean, St. Paul departed Boston
on 15 May 1945 and headed for the Pacific. From 8 to 30 June, she underwent training out of Pearl Harbor and sailed on 2 July to join Task
Force 38. This fast carrier striking
force completed replenishment at sea
on the 23d and then proceeded to launching
points for strikes against Honshu, Japan's largest island. Between 24 July and 10 August, St. Paul screened
the carriers as they delivered heavy air strikes
on Kure, Kobe, and the Tokyo area in southern Honshu, then at Maizuru and various airfields in northern Honshu. During this period, St. Paul also
bombarded industrial targets: first on textile mills at Hamamatsu during
the night of 29 July, and then on 9 August at iron and steel works in Kamaishi,
firing the war's last hostile salvo from a
major ship. Typhoon warnings
cancelled air operations on 11 August until the 14th. Then those launched that morning were recalled, after peace negotiations gave promise of Japan's
surrender. On the 15th, all offensive operations against Japan were stopped.
St. Paul, with other units of the 3d Fleet, retired to the southeast to patrol the coast while awaiting
orders. On the 27th, she steamed
into Sagami Wan to support United States occupation forces. On 1 September, she
entered Tokyo Bay and was there during the formal surrender ceremony the
St. Paul remained
in Japanese waters for occupation duty
until she was ordered to Shanghai on 5 November to become flagship of TF 73. She navigated the Whangpoo River, anchored off the Shanghai Bund on 10 November, and remained there until late in
Returning to the Naval
Shipyard, Terminal Island, Calif., on
1 October, she was overhauled to prepare for additional Far East duty. From 1 January to 15 February 1947, she conducted refresher training at San
Following her return to
Shanghai in March, St. Paul resumed
operations as flagship for CTF 71 until returning to the United States in November. Next came training operations along the west coast including
cruises for Naval Reservists during April and May 1948. From August to December of that year, she
deployed to the western Pacific, serving in Japanese and Chinese waters. Back in the United States,
she was converted from catapult to
helicopter configuration before
serving again in the Far East from April through October 1949.
When hostilities broke
out in Korea in June 1950, St. Paul
was conducting a midshipman
training cruise from San Francisco to
Pearl Harbor. She disembarked the
future naval officers and proceeded late in July to the western Pacific
where she joined Task Group (TG) 77.3 on
patrol in the Formosa Strait. St. Paul remained on patrol between
Formosa and mainland China from 27
August to 1 November. She then moved north
into the Sea of Japan to join carrier TF 77, and commenced combat operations off the northeast coast of Korea on 9 November. On the 17th, she provided gunfire support to the United Nations troops
advancing on Chongjin. That day, shrapnel from a near miss by a shell from a Communist shore battery injured
six men at gun mount stations. The cruiser destroyed the enemy emplacement with counter-battery fire and
continued her support mission.
As the Chinese Communists
began massive attacks late in
November, United Nations forces commenced a general withdrawal to consolidate and hold south of the 38th parallel. St. Paul provided close
support for the Republic of Korea I Corps on their east flank as they withdrew from Hapsu, and along the coast, as they retired from Chongjin. On 2 December, she
moved north again; conducted night harassing missions above Chongjin; then moved south to support the
withdrawal of the Republic of Korea
Capital Division to Kyong-song Man.
She entered the harbor at Wonsan on the 3d to provide a curtain of shellfire around that city as United Nations forces and equipment were moved to Hungnam; then followed the forces there, and remained to cover the evacuation of that city and
harbor between 10 and 24 December.
From 21 to 31 January
1951, St. Paul conducted shore bombardment missions north of
Inchon where, on 26 January, she was again
fired upon by shore batteries. On 7
April, in special TF 74, with destroyers Wallace L. Lind (DD-703),
and Massey (DD-778), Fort
Marion (LSD-22) and Begor (APD-127),
St. Paul helped to carry out raids on rail lines and tunnels utilizing 250 commandos of the 41st Independent
Royal Marines. These highly successful
destructive raids slowed down the
enemy's resupply efforts, forcing the Communists
to attempt to repair or rebuild the rail facilities by night while
hiding the work crews and locomotives in
tunnels by day.
St. Paul returned
to the United States for yard work at San Francisco from June to September;
then conducted underway training before sailing on 5 November for Korea. She
arrived off Wonsan on 27 November and commenced gun strike missions.
During the following weeks, she bombarded
strategic points at Hungnam, Songjin,
and Chongjin. In December, she served
as an antiaircraft escort for TF 77; and, following a holiday trip to Japan, returned to operations off the coast of North Korea. In April 1952, St. Paul
participated in combined air-sea
attacks against the ports of Wonsan
and Chongjin. On the 21st, while the cruiser
was engaged in gun fire support operations, a sudden and serious powder fire broke out in her forward 8-inch turret. Thirty men died. Before returning to Japan, however, she carried out gunstrikes
on railroad targets near Songjin,
during which she captured nine North Koreans from a small boat. Following a brief stay in port and two weeks on the gun
line, she headed home and reached Long Beach on 24 June.
On 28 February 1953, St. Paul
departed the west coast for her
third Korean tour and was in action again
by April. In mid-June, she assisted in the recapture of Anchor Hill. With
battleship, New Jersey (BB-62),
she provided close support to the Republic of Korea army in a ground assault on this key position south of Kosong. The cruiser was fired upon many times by 75 and 105-millimeter guns, and observed numerous near misses, some only ten yards away.
But on 11 July at Wonsan, she
received her only direct hit from a
shore battery. No one was wounded, and only her 3-inch antiaircraft mount was damaged. On 27 July, at 2159, she conducted her last gunstrike and
had the distinction of firing the
last round shot at sea in the war. The
shell, autographed by Rear Admiral Harry
Sanders, was fired at an enemy gun emplacement. The truce was effective at 2200. St. Paul then commenced patrol duties along the east coast of
St. Paul returned to the western Pacific again in May 1954; and, later that year, she was on hand
Chinese Communists were threatening the Nationalist Chinese islands of the Quemoy group. Between
1954 and 12 July 1955, she operated with the 7th Fleet in Japanese and Chinese waters,
particularly between Taiwan and the Chinese mainland, playing a major role in
protecting United States interests in the Far East. She returned to Long Beach for repairs and overhaul, but
was back in the western Pacific from 15 August 1955 to 10 January 1956, serving as flagship for
the 7th Fleet.
Paul returned to Long Beach in February and subsequently moved to
Bremerton, Wash., for upkeep and overhaul. In September, she became flagship for the 1st Fleet and
entertained the Secretary of the Navy during a fleet review at Long Beach. She departed that port on 6
November; and, after refresher training at San Diego, arrived at Yokosuka, Japan, on the 29th to relieve Rochester
as flagship of the 7th Fleet. She spent most of her time in Keelung or Kaohsiung, Taiwan, with
periods of training in the Philippines and port calls at Buckner Bay, Hong Kong, Manila, and Sasebo. On 26
April 1957, she headed home.
Paul arrived at Long Beach on 21 May and subsequently cruised along the
west coast, as far north as Seattle, until she sailed once more on 3 February 1958 for the Far East.
She made an extensive cruise, beginning at Pearl Harbor. Thence she steamed to Wellington, New Zealand;
proceeded past Guadalcanal and north through the Solomons to New Georgia; visited the Carolines; and
ended at Yokosuka on 9 March. She repeated her past WestPac deployments with duties as flagship,
and exercises in the Philippines, before returning to Long Beach on 25 August.
from Long Beach on 4 May 1959, St. Paul became the first major United States Navy ship to
in the Far East since pre-World War II days. Based at Yokosuka, she did not return to Long
Beach until 39 months later. Then, she assumed duties as 1st Fleet flagship and
did not return to WestPac until
1965. From that year, she made five successful deployments with the 7th Fleet in operations off North and South Vietnam
providing gunfire support to allied troops. Reminiscent of her Korean operations,
St. Paul was hit on 2
September by a shell which struck her starboard
bow, near the water line. None of her crew was injured; and her engineers repaired the slight damage,
enabling her to continue her mission. For her splendid
record of service in helping to combat Communist aggression in South Vietnam, St. Paul earned the Navy Unit Commendation and two Meritorious Unit Commendations.
San Diego on 7 December 1970, St. Paul began inactivation procedures.
She sailed to Bremerton, Wash.,
on 1 February 1971 where she was decommissioned
on 30 April and was placed in reserve with the Puget Sound Group of the Pacific
Paul earned one battle star for World War II service, eight battle
stars for Korean service, and eight battle stars for Vietnam service.
[Note: The above USS ST. PAUL (CA-73) history may, or may not, contain text provided by crew members of the USS ST. PAUL (CA-73), or by other non-crew members, and text from the Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships]