SS-244 General Specifications
Class: Gato-class submarine
Complement: 6 Officers and 54 Enlisted
Displacement: 1525 tons
Length: 311 feet 9 inches
Beam: 27 feet 3 inches
Draft: 17 feet
Range: 11 000 Nautical Miles
Final Disposition: Museum ship at Galveston Texas as of 21 January 1971
USS CAVALLA (SS-244)
Cavalla (SS-244) was launched 14
November 1943 by Electric Boat Co.
Conn.; sponsored by Mrs.
M. Comstock; and commissioned 29 February 1944
H. J. Kossler in command.
Departing New London 11 April 1944
arrived at Pearl Harbor 9 May for voyage repairs and training.
On 31 May 1944 she put to sea
bound for distant
It was on her maiden patrol that Cavalla
rendered the distinguished service that earned her a
Presidential Unit Citation. En route to her station in the eastern
she made contact with a large Japanese task force 17
June 1944. Cavalla tracked the force for several hours
relayed invaluable information which contributed heavily to the
overwhelming United States victory scored in the Battle of the
Philippine Sea - the famous "Marianas Turkey Shoot"
on 19-20 June
1944. With this great service completed
her pursuit. On 19 June she caught the carrier Shokaku landing
planes and quickly fired a spread of six torpedoes for three hits
enough to send Shokaku to the bottom in 11°50' N.
137°57' E. After a severe depth charging by three destroyers
Cavalla escaped to continue her patrol.
Cavalla 's second patrol took her to
the Philippine Sea as a member of a wolfpack operating in support of
the invasion of Peleliu 15 September 1944.
On 25 November 1944 during her third patrol
Cavalla encountered two Japanese destroyers
and made a
daring surface attack which blew up Shimotsuki in 02°21'
107°20' E. The companion destroyer began depth charging
while elusive Cavalla evaded on the surface. Later in the
5 January 1945
she made a night surface attack on an
and sank two converted net tenders in 05°00' S.
Cavalla cruised the South China and
Java Seas on her fourth and fifth war patrols. Targets were few and
but she came to the aid of an ally on 21 May 1945. A
month out on her fifth patrol
the submarine sighted HM Submarine
damaged by enemy depth charges and unable to
submerge or make full speed. Cavalla stood by the wounded
submarine and escorted her on the surface to Fremantle
Cavalla received the cease-fire order
of 15 August while lifeguarding off Japan on her sixth war patrol. A
few minutes later she was bombed by a Japanese plane that apparently
had not yet received the same information. She joined the fleet units
entering Tokyo Bay 31 August
remained for the signing of the
surrender on 2 September
then departed the next day for New London
arriving 6 October 1945. She was placed out of commission in reserve
there 16 March 1946.
Recommissioned 10 April 1951
was assigned to Submarine Squadron 8 and engaged in various fleet
exercises in the Caribbean and off Nova Scotia. She was placed out of
commission 3 September 1952 and entered Electric Boat Co. yard for
conversion to a hunter-killer submarine (reclassified SSK-244
Cavalla was recommissioned 15 July
1953 and assigned to Submarine Squadron 10. Her new sonar made
Cavalla valuable for experimentation and she was transferred to
Submarine Development Group 2 on 1 January 1954
to evaluate new
weapons and equipment
and participate in fleet exercises. She also
cruised to European waters several times to take part in North
Atlantic Treaty Organization exercises
and visited Norfolk
the International Naval Review (11-12 June 1957). She remained active
with the Fleet through 1963; on 15 August 1959
reverted to SS-244.
In addition to the Presidential Unit Citation
Cavalla received four battle stars for service in World War
II. Of her six war patrols
the first and third were designated as
Successful War Patrols. She is credited with having sunk a total of
34180 tons of shipping.
[Note: The above USS CAVALLA (SS-244) history may or may not contain text provided by crew members of the USS CAVALLA (SS-244) or by other non-crew members and text from the Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships]