DD-861 General Specifications
Class: Gearing-class destroyer
Complement: 336 Officers and Enlisted
Displacement: 3460 tons
Length: 390 feet 6 inches
Beam: 40 feet 10 inches
Draft: 14 feet 4 in
Range: 4 500 Nautical Miles
Final Disposition: Sunk in error by Turkish aircraft 22 July 1974
USS HARWOOD (DD-861)
Harwood (DD-861) was launched 22 May 1945 by the Bethlehem Steel Co.
sponsored by Mrs. Bruce Lawrence Harwood
widow of the late Commander Harwood
and commissioned 2S September 1945
Comdr. Reid P. Fiala in command.
After shakedown along the California coast
Harwood Joined the 7th Fleet in Chinese waters. In addition to aiding in the occupation of Japan
the destroyer also participated in fleet and antisubmarine exercises before returning to San Diego 21 February 1947. Harwood entered the Mare Island shipyard after a second WestPac cruise in January 1949 to be equipped with the latest antisubmarine equipment. Redesignated DDE-861 4 March 1950
the escort destroyer reported to her new home port
11 September 1949 to participate in research on cold weather ASW operations as well as fleet and training exercises. Departing Norfolk in late August Harwood made her first Mediterranean cruise with the 6th Fleet and returned to the States 10 November 1950.
Subsequent years fell into a pattern for Harwood as to maintain her-battle readiness and stress America's commitment to the defense of democracy
she engaged in varied training maneuvers and made yearly cruises to the Mediterranean. Harwood sailed 4 January 1957 for a 3-month ASW demonstration which took her along the South American coast to Colombia
Chile Panama and Cuba. Entering the New York Navy Yard 2 May 1961
Harwood underwent a Fleet Rehabilitation and Modernization (FRAM) overhaul. Her bridge was totally reconstructed
new types of torpedo tubes were installed
and the 3-inch antiaircraft guns were removed to accommodate a hangar and launching deck for DASH an antisubmarine helicopter. Departing the yard 2 February 1962
Harwood sailed to her home port
and from there to the Caribbean. When the Cuban crisis erupted in October 1962
Harwood was ready and sailed with 4 hours notice to join the blockading fleet "quarantining" the Communist island. Redesignated DD-861 on 1 July 1963
she returned Mayport 2 November.
Harwood sailed for the Mediterranean 6 August and provided ASW service during Exercise "Riptide IV" en route. She transited the Straits of Gibraltar on the 22d for intense periods of AAW
and BCM exercises in the Med. Returning home 23 December
the destroyer operated along the Atlantic coast until getting under way 31 March 1964 for a brief visit to Brazil. She arrived Annapolis 1 June
and sailed for Europe. She visited Norway
France and England before debarking the "Middies" at Norfolk.
In April 1965 she began overhaul and alterations at Norfolk which turned out to be a major face lifting. On 22 August she returned to Mayport en route to Guantanamo Bay
for refresher training. She operated along the coast of the Southern states until departing Mayport 22 July 1966 for the Mediterranean deployment. On this tour she transited the Suez Canal and visited Aden and Kenya before rejoining the 6th Fleet in the Med 2 November.
Harwood returned home 17 December. She operated out of Newport off the New England coast until sailing for her 10th Mediterranean deployment 29 June 1967. Reaching Rota Spain
Harwood soon joined the 6th Fleet
an element of stability in the ancient and volatile sea which had so recently been churned by the Arab war with Israel.
[Note: The above USS HARWOOD (DD-861) history may or may not contain text provided by crew members of the USS HARWOOD (DD-861) or by other non-crew members and text from the Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships]