USS TAUSSIG (DD-746)
Taussig (DD-746) was laid down on 30 August 1943 at Staten Island
by the Bethlehem Shipbuilding & Drydock Co.
launched on 25 January 1944; sponsored by Miss Ellen M. Taussig; and commissioned at the New York Navy Yard on 20 May 1944
Comdr. Joseph A. Robbins in command.
Taussig fitted out at the New York Navy Yard and conducted a five-week shakedown cruise near Bermuda before returning to New York on 13 July for post shakedown availability. Repairs complete
she got underway on 18 August for more training this time at Casco Bay
Maine. On 25 August
Taussig headed south from Boston and
on 1 September
transited the Panama Canal. From there
she headed north for a one-day stop at San Diego before continuing west to Pearl Harbor. After six days of training in Hawaiian waters
the warship cleared Pearl Harbor on 28 September in company with Destroyer Squadron (DesRon) 61 bound
for Ulithi. She entered the lagoon at Ulithi on 19 October and reported for duty with the 3d Fleet.
Upon joining the 3d Fleet
Taussig went to work with Task Force (TF) 38. For the remainder of October
the destroyer searched the area just off the Philippines for pilots downed in sweeps of the archipelago during the Leyte invasion. Early in November
she joined the screen of TF 38 itself while its planes continued to support the Leyte operation with covering strikes up and down the Philippine chain. Along with more of the same duty
December brought an added danger frightful weather. One fatal typhoon late in 1944 swallowed three American destroyers. The December sweeps
made in preparation for the invasion of Luzon at Lingayen Gulf
continued into the first week of January 1945. On 8 January
the fast carriers began their aerial assault on the shores surrounding the South China Sea. Taussig screened the flattops while their planes attacked Japanese bases along the Chinese and Indochinese coasts and on the islands of Formosa and Okinawa as well as providing support for the Allied conquest of Luzon. During the night of 20 January
the destroyer helped shepherd TF 38 through the Balintang Channel in the northern Philippines between Batan and Babuyan Islands
and into the Philippine Sea.
On 23 January
TF 38 returned to Ulithi for a brief rest and replenishment. At midnight three days later it became TF 58 once again when Admiral Raymond A Spruance relieved Admiral William F. Halsey as commander of the Central Pacific Force. The fast carrier task force sortied from the lagoon on 10 February
and Taussig screened Task Group (TG) 58.1 as it headed north to participate in the first carrier based aerial attack on the Japanese home islands since the Halsey-Doolittle raid of April 1942. On the morning of the 16th
TF 58 arrived at a point some 125 miles southeast of Tokyo. While Taussig and her sister destroyers screened them from enemy submarines the carriers hurled their planes against Tokyo an other targets on Honshu. After another strike on the morning of the 17th
TF 58 steamed south to support the Iwo Jima invasion. While two of TF 58's task groups moved in to support the Iwo Jima assault on 19 February
Taussig stood off to the south to screen a refueling rendezvous between TG 30.8 and the three remaining carrier task groups. That same day
the destroyer subjected a submarine contact to an intensive depth-charge attack: Though she apparently failed to sink the boat
Taussig succeeded in her primary mission
protecting the carriers.
Task Force 58 cleared the Volcano Islands on 22 February to resume the air offensive against the heart of the Japanese Empire. Bad weather precluded the carrying out of operations against Tokyo and Nagoya which had been planned for the 25th and 26th
and Taussig steamed southwest to strike Okinawa on 1 March. The following day
Taussig joined Vincennes (CL-64)
San Diego (CL53) and Destroyer Squadron 61 in a bombardment of Okino Daito Shima. Two days later
the task force returned to Ulithi.
On 14 March
Taussig exited Ulithi lagoon to accompany the fast carriers on another raid against Japan. This time the target was Kyushu
the southernmost of the major islands which constitute Japan proper. With the invasion of Okinawa just over a fortnight away
the carriers sought to pulverize airfields from which kamikaze attacks could be launched against the invasion force. During the raids of 18 and 19 March American planes also attacked Japanese warships at Kure and succeeded in damaging the carriers Ryuho and Amagi as well as the superbattleship Yamato. Taussig helped splash two planes on the 18th and the next day screened TF 58 as it retired from the vicinity of Kyushu after a devastating kamikaze attack. She defended her big sisters during the sporadic air attacks of the 20th and
after the task force reorganization of the 22d
she moved off to screen TG 58.1 during the week-long aerial assault inflicted upon Okinawa at the end of March.
On 1 April
the troops stormed ashore at Okinawa to begin the concluding operation of World War II. TF 58 provided air support through the first three months of the campaign
and Taussig moved about off Okinawa screening the carriers from Japanese submarines and planes. The entire campaign was characterized by intense enemy air activity
particularly by kamikazes. On 6 April
an "Oscar" dropped a bomb which barely missed Taussig. The destroyer responded with her antiaircraft battery and scored hits on the intruder
but TF 58's combat air patrol finally claimed the tally. On the night of 15 and 16 April
Taussig gunners brought down two bombers and
the following day
claimed credit for downing two suicide planes as well as for assisting in the destruction of a "Frances" finished off by a combat air patrol. On 21 April
she teamed up with San Juan (CL-54) and DesRon 61 to subject Minami Daito Shima to the wrath of their guns.
At the end of April
Taussig returned to Ulithi with TG 58.1 and remained there through the first week in May. On the 8th. she cleared the lagoon to take up station off Okinawa once more. She screened TG 58.1 carriers while their planes supported the ground forces on Okinawa. Taussig continued to guard against the enemy's submarines
but his planes remained the most immediate threat. On 25 May
the destroyer helped to bring down three more Japanese aircraft when her radio controllers vectored combat air patrols in to the kill. Three days later
Admiral Halsey relieved Admiral Spruance
and the 5th Fleet again became the 3d Fleet. Taussig remained with the same task group which simply changed designations to TG 38.1. Through the first week in June
she continued to protect those carriers off Okinawa while they sent their planes against the beleaguered island's stubborn defenders and against air bases on Kyushu. She then headed south with TF 38 and arrived at the Leyte Gulf base on 13 June to prepare for the expected invasion of the Japanese home islands.
On 1 July
Taussig put to sea with TF 38 for the last series of offensive operations in World War II. For the next month and one-half
she cruised off Japan screening the carriers while their planes softened Japan for the expected invasion. Her guns spoke several times during those operations. On the night of 22 and 23 July she made an antishipping sweep off Honshu with DesRon 61. The destroyers encountered a four-ship Japanese convoy
engaged it with guns and torpedoes
and claimed to have sunk all four enemy ships. Air operations and antishipping sweeps continued until 16 August 1945 when news of Japan's willingness to capitulate brought an end to hostilities.
Taussig remained in the Far East until shortly after the formal surrender ceremony in Tokyo Bay on 2 September. In October
she returned to the United States and began repairs at Seattle. The destroyer remained there until 1 February 1946
when she sailed for a year of duty off the Chinese coast. In March of 1947
Taussig returned to the west coast at San Diego
Calif. Upon her return to the United States
she became a school ship for the General Line School at Monterey. For the next three years
the destroyer conducted cruises along the west coast familiarizing officers assigned to the school with operations at sea. In addition
she was frequently called upon to take naval reservists on board for training cruises.
her training duties ended. On 1 May
Taussig departed San Diego
bound for the western Pacific. En route she stopped in Hawaii for a few days training and for liberty in the islands. By 1 June
she was again underway for Samar in the Philippines.
Just 24 days later
war erupted in the Far East when North Korean troops streamed south across the 38th parallel into the Republic of Korea. Less than 48 hours later
Taussig assigned to DesDiv 92
7th Fleet resumed familiar duty in the Sea of Japan screening TF 77 carriers while their planes joined South Korean ground forces in an attempt to stem the communist tide. That duty continued until the second week in July when Taussig made visits to Buckner Bay
and to Keelung
before returning to the war zone on the 11th. Over the following six months
the destroyer operated off both coasts of Korea' usually as a unit of the task group built around Sicily (CVE-118) and Badoeng Strait (CVE-116). She spent the bulk of that time at sea and participated in the operations at Inchon
and Wonsan. In late December
Taussig also assisted in the evacuation of Wonsan.
Early in 1951
she returned to the west coast
underwent a three-month overhaul at the San Francisco Naval Shipyard
and conducted extensive underway training out of San Diego in preparation for her return to the war zone. On 27 August
Taussig headed back toward the western Pacific. After stops at Pearl Harbor
she joined the United Nations Blockading and Escort Force
off Korea on 20 September. During ensuing operations with that force until 2 October
the destroyer visited Pusan and conducted shore bombardments near the Han River and near Songjin. From 2 October to 2 November
she screened the carriers of TF 77. Between 3 and 23 November
Taussig participated in hunter-killer operations with units of the ROK Navy before heading south for a month with the Taiwan Strait Patrol. She spent Christmas in Sasebo and then rejoined TF 95 on 26 December for more than a month of operations
primarily shore bombardment and night illumination fire along Korea's western coast. Following rest and relaxation in Yokosuka
Taussig began her last tour of combat duty of the deployment on 7 February 1952. For the remainder of this assignment
she screened TF 77 while the carriers conducted air operations. On 24 April
the destroyer completed her second Korean War deployment in the Orient and headed back to the United States.
Taussig returned to San Diego on 11 May and
after a month of leave and upkeep
began training operations which continued until 1 October when she entered the Mare Island Naval Shipyard for repairs. In mid November
she returned to San Diego and
on the 20th headed west for her third Korean War deployment. She reached Yokosuka on 22 December and
on the day after Christmas
put to sea to join the screen of TF 77. During the following six months
she alternated screening and plane guard duty for the carriers with bombardment and patrol duty with the Escort and Blockading Force as well as hunter-killer group duty and Taiwan Strait patrols. On Independence Day 1953
she headed home.
By the time of the destroyer's departure from the Far East in the summer of 1953
the Korean conflict had wound down almost to inactivity. Over the next decade
Taussig made eight more deployments to the western Pacific. Though she continued to operate with the Korean War task organizations
her duty was increasingly modified to peacetime training and "show-the-flag" duty. Between the seventh and eight deployments
she entered the Long Beach Naval Shipyard on 22 January 1962 to begin a nine-month fleet rehabilitation and modernization (FRAM) overhaul
which she completed on 11 October. Her eighth peacetime deployment to the Far East was from April to December of 1963. Upon her return
the warship conducted operations off the west coast until October 1964.
On 23 October 1964
Taussig cleared San Diego harbor for another deployment to the western Pacific. She operated in the Hawaiian Islands until Christmas and then continued on to the western Pacific. On 6 January 1965
the destroyer joined a task unit built around Constellation (CVA-64) off the coast of Japan to begin duty with the 7th Fleet. During this deployment
the warship saw her first tour of duty off the coast of Vietnam
where civil strife was growing steadily in intensity. Soon the United States would be deeply committed to bolstering the democratic forces in that Southeast Asian country against communist aggression. For the time being
Taussig's one short patrol at "Yankee Station" in March constituted her only Vietnam service during her ninth deployment since the Korean War. For the remainder of that deployment
she conducted normal peacetime training and patrol operations
including a tour in the Taiwan Strait Patrol. The destroyer departed the Orient on 2 May and
after a stop at Pearl Harbor
reached San Diego on 24 May. On 24 July
she entered the Long Beach Naval Shipyard to begin regular overhaul which she completed on 8 November. After a month of independent ship's exercises and holiday standdown
she commenced refresher training on 3 January 1966. On 12 February
the ship entered the Long Beach Naval Shipyard for three weeks of sonar repairs.
Following further exercises and shore bombardment qualifications the destroyer got underway from San Diego on 20 April to return to the Far East to provide naval support for the burgeoning American presence in the Republic of Vietnam. She stopped at Pearl Harbor from 26 to 28 April and then continued on her way via Guam and the Philippines to duty off Vietnam. She departed Subic Bay on 26 May for her first real line period of the Vietnamese conflict. On the 27th
she was ordered to assist in a search and rescue mission for flyers downed by typhoon "Judy." On 1 June
she took up station off the coast of Vietnam to provide naval gunfire support for operations ashore. From then until early October
Taussig alternated naval gunfire support with plane guard duty for Constellation on the southern SAR station off Vietnam.
After 10 days in Subic Bay as naval gunfire support ready ship
the warship headed south on 9 October to participate in Operation "Swordhilt." She refueled at Manus on 15 October and
on the 16th
joined ships of the Australian
and British navies for the 11-day exercise in which antisubmarine warfare and air defense were emphasized. Following Operation "Swordhilt " she visited Australia. On 4 November
cut short her stay at Melbourne by ordering Taussig to assist Tiru (SS-416) which had run aground on Frederick Reef some 300 miles northeast of Australia. She escorted the damaged submarine into Brisbane on the 7th and sailed two days later for the United States. She stopped at Suva
along the way and entered San Diego on the 25th.
Taussig spent the following year engaged in operations out of San Diego. She conducted ASW training operations during the first two weeks of January and underwent hull repairs at Long Beach for the rest of the month. Early in February
she conducted ASW exercises with Lofberg (DD-759)
and Pomfret (SS-391)
and then entered San Diego for a tender availability from 11 to 24 February. In March
the destroyer visited Acapulco
and returned to San Diego on the 23d. On the last day of the month she moved to Long Beach
where she began additional hull repairs on 1 April. Those repairs were completed exactly a month later
and she returned to San Diego on 4 May. In June and July
she embarked NROTC midshipmen for their summer cruise
conducted gunnery drills at San Clemente Island
and resumed ASW training with Lofberg
Frank Knox (DD-742)
and Raton (AGSS-270). She disembarked the midshipmen on 3 August and returned to San Clemente for naval gunfire support exercises with Marine Corps spotters. For the remainder of the year
she participated in various drills and exercises primarily in ASW along the west coast.
Early in December
she put into San Diego to make final preparations for her next deployment. On 28 December
Taussig departed San Diego in company with ASW Group I bound
for the western Pacific. She reached Pearl Harbor on 6 January 1968 and
after a week of ASW exercises and another of rest and relaxation
got underway for Yokosuka
Japan. The destroyer never reached that port. On 23 January
units of the North Korean Navy seized the electronic reconnaissance ship Pueblo (AGER-2)
and ASW Group 1 was diverted to the Sea of Japan. Taussig and her colleagues arrived in their patrol area on 29 January and remained on patrol station for 45 days.
Taussig departed the Sea of Japan on 1 March and put into Subic Bay for upkeep three days later. The destroyer left the Philippines on the 12th to take up naval gunfire support station off Vietnam. On 14 March
she relieved Cone (DD-866) off the coast of the III Corps area of South Vietnam. That evening
she fired her first round of the deployment in support of Allied forces ashore. Pritchett (DD-651) relieved her on 1 April
and Taussig arrived in Kaohsiung on the 4th for a tender availability. Eleven days later
the warship put to sea to return to Vietnamese waters. On the 15th
she joined the screen of Bon Homme Richard (CVA-31) in the Gulf of Tonkin. After five days serving as plane guard for the carrier
Taussig parted company with the task unit and proceeded to the III Corps area of South Vietnam for three days of gunfire support duty. The destroyer rejoined ASW Group 1 on the 23d and
after a five-day visit to Hong Kong
conducted ASW exercises near the Philippines en route to "Yankee Station" in the Gulf of Tonkin
where she spent most of May planeguarding Yorktown (CVS-10) and Kitty Hawk (CVA-63). On the 26th
Taussig headed for Port Swettenham
where she arrived on the 29th. The destroyer put to sea again on 2 June and
by the 5th
was back on station in the Gulf of Tonkin.
After 12 days of plane guard duty
she pointed her bow toward Sasebo for the first leg of her journey home. On 21 June
Taussig stood out of Sasebo
formed up on Yorktown along with the rest of ASW Group 1
and headed for the California coast. On 5 July the warship steamed into San Diego and began a six week post deployment standdown. She departed San Diego again on 21 August to enter the San Francisco Bay Naval Shipyard for overhaul. Her refurbishing was completed on 26 November
and Taussig departed San Francisco to return to San Diego
whence she operated for the remainder of the year.
Taussig spent the first six weeks of 1969 preparing for refresher training
which she commenced on 14 February. For the ensuing six weeks
the destroyer went through a seemingly unending series of drills
and battle problems. Finally
Taussig passed her final examination on 28 March and settled back into routine operations out of San Diego. She departed San Diego on 4 June
in company with Halsey (DLG-23)
Herbert J. Thomas (DD-833)
John R. Craig (DD-885)
and Hamner (DD-718). The six destroyers refueled at Pearl Harbor and continued on to Japan
arriving at Yokosuka on the 21st.
Two days later
Taussig stood out for Vietnam reaching Vung Tau on 28 June. From 29 June to ;5 July she provided gunfire support for the Allied ground forces fighting North Vietnamese and Viet Cong units in the IV Corps area of South Vietnam. From here
she headed for Kachsiung
for a two-day liberty after which the destroyer steamed on to Japan. After a tender availability alongside Ajax (AR-6) at Sasebo
Taussig entered the Sea of Japan on 4 August to "ride shotgun" for Benjamin Stoddert (DDG-22) and Halsey. On 24 August
the warship headed for Hong Kong where she arrived on the 28th.
Five days later
she departed Hong Kong and returned to the gunline
this time near the I Corps area of South Vietnam. On 3 September
Taussig supported a combined United States-Korean amphibious landing about 20 miles down the coast from Danang. As the only gunfire support for Operation "Defiant Stand
" Taussig and her crew kept up a hectic pace until 21 September when her relief arrived
and she headed for the Philippines. She completed repairs and departed Subic Bay on 2 October in company with Hancock (CVA-l9). She did plane guard duty for the carrier in the Gulf of Tonkin until the 11th when she headed for Yokosuka.
Taussig remained in Japan from 16 to 19 October before resuming her voyage home. Forced to turn back to Yokosuka by Typhoon "Ida
" she set out once more on 24 October and
after stops at Midway and Pearl Harbor
reached San Diego on 7 November. Leave and upkeep took up the remainder of 1969
and installation of two new gun mounts occupied the first three months of 1970. In April
she entered the Long Beach Naval Shipyard where she received a new sonar dome. Following that
she embarked upon a vigorous training program in preparation for her deployment to the western Pacific scheduled for July.
that deployment was canceled
and Taussig was slated for inactivation. From August to December her crew worked to prepare the destroyer for decommissioning. On 1 December 1970
Taussig was placed out of commission at San Diego and berthed with the San Diego Group
Pacific Reserve Fleet. On 1 September 1973
Taussig was struck from the Navy list. On 6 May 1974
she was sold to Taiwan where she served the Taiwan Navy as Lo Yang (DD-14).
Taussig earned six battle stars during World War II
eight battle stars during the Korean War
and six battle stars during the Vietnam War.
[Note: The above USS TAUSSIG (DD-746) history may or may not contain text provided by crew members of the USS TAUSSIG (DD-746) or by other non-crew members and text from the Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships]