USS ROBINSON (DD-562)
The second Robinson on (DD-562) was laid down on 12 August 1942 by the Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corp.
Wash.; launched 28 August 1943; sponsored by Mrs. Howard M. Sayers; and commissioned 31 January 1944 Comdr. Elonzo B. Grantham
After shakedown out of San Diego
departed Seattle 12 April for Hawaii. Arriving at Pearl Harbor 21 April she trained until getting underway on 29 May with TF 52 headed for Eniwetok and the Marianas.
On the morning of 15 June
Robinson opened fire on Saipan and her first salvo set off a large explosion
followed by an oil fire. She then silenced four enemy batteries which had been firing on Marines on the southernmost landing beaches "Beach Yellow One." She then scored a direct hit on an enemy pillbox on Tinian. The destroyer joined the screen of battleship
at nightfall and in 2 hours fought off five enemy aircraft. She then teamed with destroyers Thomas O. Selfridge and Albert W. Grant in the screen of cruiser Birmingham off the western coast of Tinian
delivering harassing fire throughout the night.
At daybreak 16 June
Robinson resumed fire Support to the Marines on the southernmost invasion beaches of Saipan. During the morning
she silenced all but one stubborn gun of an enemy artillery emplacement and her fire assisted in turning back enemy tanks. Toward noon
she began safeguarding the transports off Saipan. At nightfall
she turned to call-fire duty off "Beach Green One." Throughout the night of 16 June and into the morning of the of the 17th
Robinson illuminated and fired upon counterattacking Japanese tank divisions twice driving them back from the beachhead. That afternoon
she took fire support station
then spent the night and the next 5 days
protecting troop transports off Saipan.
Retiring to Eniwetok with empty transports 26 June
she returned to Saipan on 6 July in the escort screen of a reinforcement convoy.
Robinson took antisubmarine patrol station northwest of Saipan that day and closed the shore at night to provide illumination fire and send salvos into enemy troops east of Marpi Point. She shifted her fire to the west to Tanapag Harbor the following morning and during the afternoon
rescued 17 Marines from a reef north of the harbor where they had been isolated by one of the biggest banzai attacks of the war.
Robinson served on antisubmarine patrol off Saipan
in the ocean area northwest of Maniagassa Island
until 20 July
then got underway with Overton to escort 11 LCT's which arrived off Guam the next morning. She resumed fire support off Saipan that evening. On 22 July Robinson shifted her fire to Tinian
hitting caves where the enemy had dug in. She bombarded the western shore of Tinian 25 and 26 July
after gunfire support on the 29th
she guarded the minesweepers in Asiga Bay.
Departing Tinian on 31 July
she escorted the attack cargo ship
Tryon to Eniwetok
then steamed independently to Noumea
where she arrived 9 August.
Robinson cleared Noumea on 22 August and touched at Espiritu Santo
New Hebrides Islands
to rejoin other ships of her division
then arrived at Purvis Bay of Florida
Solomon Islands on the 26th. She stood out from Purvis Bay on 6 September
with Rear Admiral Oldendorf's bombardment group
and arrived off Peleliu Islands
on the morning of the 12th for pre-invasion bombardment. Robinson wiped out enemy machinegun emplacements and tumbled snipers out of trees as she blasted enemy troop concentrations near "White" and "Orange" beaches. At various times
she assisted in screening cruisers Louisville and Portland and battleships Idaho and Mississippi. She also raked the beach area during the daylight hours to cover underwater demolition teams
and she carried out call fire missions on enemy troops and gun batteries. On 22 September
she knocked out all guns in her area and disabled two groups of enemy tanks. She continued to hit emplacements
troop areas and supply dumps until the early morning of 24 September 1944 when she teamed with Heywood L. Edwards in destroying enemy barges attempting to land troops and supplies on the north shore. That evening she screened cruiser Louisville to Kossol Passage. She spent the night of 26 September providing illumination and harassing fire on the north end of Angaur Island. She gave the same treatment to Ngesebus Island the next night and bombarded the beaches south of Ngesebus airfields during the day of the 28th. She spent the night of 28-29 September delivering night illumination fire on the northwest corner of Angaur and entered Seeadler Harbor
Robinson cleared Seeadler Harbor on the 12th
and headed for the Philippine Islands. On 17 October 1944
she joined the Dinagat Attack Group. With light cruisers Denver and Columbia
and three other destroyers
Robinson supported the Dinagat Attack Group and set course for Dinagat and the three smaller islands
which divided the two entrances to Leyte Gulf and were suspected of harboring enemy search radar. To put these enemy warning stations out of action
the attack group arrived off the islands at daybreak of 17 October. Cruiser Denver had the honor of firing the opening gun for the liberation of Leyte at 0800 and Company D of the 6th Rangers was landed on Suluan Island some 20 minutes later the first Americans to "return" to the Philippines. Robinson escorted the Ranger unit to Dinagat Island where they made an unopposed landing. She then covered minesweepers in Leyte Gulf until their retirement on the morning of 19 October. Her guns raked the invasion beaches ahead of the troops landing on Leyte
20 October 1944
and she delivered illumination fire over the eastern shore of Leyte throughout the night. On 22 October
she rescued a downed American fighter pilot. On 24 October Robinson destroyed enemy installations on the slope of Catmon Hill
At 1710 on 24 October
Robinson was relieved from fire support duties and joined a screen for five cruisers on the left flank of the northern entrance to Surigao Strait. The destroyers were divided into three attack sections and severely mauled the attacking Japanese. By early morning 25 October
the enemy was limping off in retreat
having lost two battleships
two destroyers and a Cruiser. Robinson made rendezvous with the destroyers of section 3 to the north of Hibuson Island after her torpedo attack
and vainly attempted to rescue the many Japanese survivors who refused all efforts to save them. At 0758
Robinson joined other destroyers and cruisers in anticipation of meeting enemy surface and air units retiring from the fierce action with the escort carriers off the east coast of Samar. She cruised east of Leyte until 29 October to cover shipping in and near Leyte Gulf. She assisted in fighting off enemy air raids and escorted the bomb damaged Killen to her anchorage in San Pedro Bay on 1 November. She was temporarily detached from the task group on 4 November for picket duty in Surigao Strait and rejoined the bombardment group on 13 November as it set course for Manus. She teamed with Bryant to shoot down an enemy plane which approached the formation on the 16th
and entered Seeadler Harbor on the 21st.
Robinson stood out of Seeadler Harbor on 28 November for Leyte Gulf where on 1 December she was detached from Destroyer Division 112 of Squadron 56 and reported to Destroyer Squadron 22 for duty. The next day she got underway in the screen of battleships and cruisers for Kossol Passage
where she teamed with 14 other destroyers in the screen of six escort carriers
and three battleships
acting as distant cover for troop convoys bound for the assault on Mindoro
Philippine Islands. She assisted in driving off enemy aircraft as she guarded the escort carriers from 13 to 15 December. The troops hit the beach at Mindoro on the 15th and Robinson returned to Seeadler Harbor with the task group on the 23d.
On 31 December Robinson and the five other destroyers of Destroyer Squadron 22 sailed from Seeadler Harbor in the screen for Transport Group "Able" of the Lingayen Attack Force
carrying the 27th Infantry Division for the initial landings at Lingayen Gulf
in the Philippines. Robinson screened northwest of the transport area on the morning of 9 January 1945 as the first waves of amphibious assault troops landed. She anchored in the transport area that night and survived a pre-dawn attack by a Japanese suicide boat. The underwater explosions temporarily put her sonar equipment out of commission but did no other serious damage. At daybreak
Robinson's gunners fought off a diving suicide plane and knocked it down in a spinning ball of flame. At dusk she opened fire on another suicide plane diving at a highspeed transport. That enemy missed its target and crashed into the sea. Robinson returned to Leyte Gulf with the empty transports on the 15th.
She got underway from San Pedro Bay on 18 January to escort the attack transport Comet (APA-166) to Humboldt Bay
and returned on the 3rd of February escorting Wright (AG-79). After installation of fighter-director radio equipment
she cleared port with Harmon and Greenwood in the screen for amphibious command ship Blue Ridge and three transports
and headed for Lingayen Gulf where she performed patrol duty. She returned to San Pedro Bay with the empty troopship on 26 February
and sailed the next day with Bancroft
escorting Rear Adm. Forrest B. Royal's amphibious command ship
Rocky Mount which reached Mangarin Bay
on 1 March. That same day
Robinson put to sea in the screen for Task Group 78.1. The American ships arrived off the Zamboanga Peninsula of Mindanao early in the morning of 10 March
and Robinson took station off Coldera Point as troops stormed ashore under the cover of a rocket barrage. During the night
she teamed with McCalla for gunfire support
knocking out an enemy gun emplacement and hitting enemy pillboxes inland. On the 16th
she bombarded Isabella
Basilan Island creating a diversion while Army troops landed at Kulibato Point to the east. Assisted by spotting aircraft
she shelled a wharf and the area of suspected enemy underground trenches. On the evening of 18 March
she responded to the request of shore fire control parties by blasting a Japanese troop concentration of about 150 men in the Gumularang River Valley of Basilan Island
giving support to American Army and guerilla troops. She anchored off the Santa Cruz Bank from 20 to 24 March.
Robinson joined Task Group 78.2 at Mangarin Bay on 10 April 1945 and sailed 4 days later. She rescued two Marine aviators from the sea on the 16th. The next day
the task group entered Polloc Harbor of Mindanao and Army troops were landed for the assault against the Malabang-Parang Catobato area of Mindanao. Robinson returned to Mangarin Bay with the empty shipping on 24 April and sailed the next day escorting a convoy carrying reinforcements to Polloc Harbor. She cleared that port on 28 April escorting oiler Winooski (AO-38) via Tawi Tawi
to Muara Batagao
Borneo. She reached her destination on 2 May
the day after the initial assault on Tarakan
and bombarded an enemy-defended ridge north of the airfield and a supply road junction. She got underway from Tarakan Island on 8 May
escorting amphibious ships to the Netherlands East Indies
arriving at Morotai 2 days later.
On 4 June
Robinson sailed with Task Group 78.1 which arrived in Brunei Bay
British Northwest Borneo on 10 June. The landing was unopposed and Robinson joined the antisubmarine screen for Nashville and Phoenix en route to Tawi Tawi. She then sailed with Philip (DD-498) and arrived at Morotai
20 June. She again stood out to sea on the 26th June in the screen for amphibious ships which landed troops on the beach at Balikpapan
on the morning of 1 July 1945. She conducted antisubmarine and picket patrol off Balikpapan until 15 July and returned to Morotai with one echelon of the empty troopships on the 10th. Three days later she teamed with Waller to escort small craft to San Pedro Bay
arriving on the 25th.
Robinson departed San Pedro Bay on 5 August 1945
and arrived at Ulithi
7 August 1945. She took radar picket station some 50 miles from Ulithi from 10 to 13 August. Three days later she sailed escorting troopship Admiral Benson (AP-120) to San Pedro Bay; then continued on alone to Subic Bay Luzon
where she arrived on the 21st. On 3 September she put to sea with the Yangtze River Patrol Force under Rear Adm. C. Turner Joy
but broke off from the main body to head for Okinawa and arrived in Buckner on the morning of 5 September. That same day Captain Campbell was designated commander of the newly organized Minesweeper Task Group 73.2 with Robinson as flagship. She put to sea with six minesweepers on the night of 5 September
2 days later
the task unit began minesweeping operations in the approaches in the approaches to and the entrance of the Yangtze. These lasted until December. On the 12th Robinson sailed from Shanghai for the United States and reached San Diego on 30 December.
and Renshaw was assigned to the newly formed Destroyer Division 301 of Destroyer Squadron 30 at San Diego. She cleared San Diego on 12 January 1946 and arrived at Brooklyn
on the 26th. She cleared port on 4 March
and entered the Charleston Navy Yard on the 7th for inactivation overhaul
and Decommissioned on 12 June 1946.
Robinson remained in reserve until recommissioned at the Charleston Naval Shipyard on 3 August 1951. She was assigned to Destroyer Division 321 and on 9 September became the flagship of Destroyer Squadron 32. After sea trials off Charleston
she arrived at Norfolk on 2 December for shakedown training in the Chesapeake Bay and off the Virginia Capes. She got underway from Norfolk on 10 January 1952 for maneuvers in the Caribbean Sea and returned on 6 March for squadron tactics and plane guard exercises with Saipan (CVL-48) and Midway (CVB-41) off the Virginia Capes. She subsequently operated off the Atlantic coast and in the Caribbean until getting underway from Norfolk on 29 June 1953 for 6 months in the western Pacific. The destroyer transited the Panama Canal and arrived at Yokosuka on 3 August 1953. Robinson performed plane guard duty with Carrier Task Force 77 off the coast of Korea
participated in hunter-killer exercises off Kobe
escorted Point Cruz (CVE-119) to Inchon
patrolled off the east coast of Korea
and visited Pusan and Asau Wan
Tsushima. Robinson then returned home via the Suez Canal and the Mediterranean
reaching Norfolk on 6 February 1954.
After operations along the Atlantic coast
Robinson made a midshipman practice cruise with battleship Missouri visiting Vigo
and Le Havre
and Guantanamo Bay
before returning to Norfolk on 3 August.
After operations off the Atlantic coast and in the Caribbean
Robinson was again bound for the Mediterranean in company with Destroyer Squadrons 8 and 32 on 5 November 1955. She visited such Mediterranean ports as Rhodes
Greece and Beirut
before steaming for Greenwich
Germany; and Edinburgh
Scotland. After independent operations in waters to the north of the Shetland Islands
she arrived at Londonderry
Ireland on 27 January for antisubmarine warfare and convoy exercises with British warships. This duty terminated 13 February 1956 and Robinson returned to Norfolk on the 22d for antisubmarine operations in tile Virginia Capes
and shore bombardment practice at Bloodsworth Island.
Early in June 1956
Robinson embarked midshipmen at Annapolis and cleared Norfolk on 5 June for a midshipman cruise. After exercise "Coppersmith" with units of the Danish Navy
she visited Copenhagen until the 26th
then set course for Chatham
England. She visited Guantanamo Bay before debarking the midshipmen at Annapolis and returning to Norfolk on 1 August.
Robinson cleared Norfolk with Destroyer Squadron 32 on 22 October 1957 and touched at Bermuda before arrival at Gibraltar on 31 October. She put to sea the next day in company with Ross (DD-563) for the Persian Gulf
and touching at Port Said on 7 November before transit of the Suez Canal for visits to Aden
Arabia and Massawa
Eritrea. She arrived at Karachi
25 November 1957. Based at the last named port
.She participated in Operation Crescent with Navy warships of Pakistan Turkey
and Iran. She got underway from Karachi
on 11 December
steamed by way of Massawa
and transited the Suez Canal on the 10th for maneuvers with the 6th Fleet in the Mediterranean. She sailed from Gibraltar on the 16th and arrived at Norfolk on 5 March 1958.
Robinson departed Norfolk again on 9 June 1958 on a midshipmen training cruise to La Coruna
Spain; Gotenbourg Sweden; and Hamburg
before debarking the midshipmen at Annapolis on 4 and 5 August. After 7 months of operations from Norfolk
on 8 April 1959
Robinson was assigned to Reserve Destroyer Squadron 4
Destroyer Flotilla 4
U.S. Atlantic Fleet
and began a new career training reservists. On 1 July
the destroyer sailed for Charleston her new homeport where she operated for the next 5 years.
Robinson decommissioned at Norfolk in June 1964 and is berthed there with the Atlantic Reserve Fleet into 1971.
Robinson received eight battle stars for World War II service.
[Note: The above USS ROBINSON (DD-562) history may or may not contain text provided by crew members of the USS ROBINSON (DD-562) or by other non-crew members and text from the Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships]