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USS Bennington was the last of three Yorktown gunboats that were built at Chester, Pennsylvania. The ship was commissioned in June of 1891 and deployed to the Caribbean and South America with the Squadron of Evolution until mid 1892. Then, she went on brief assignment with the South Atlantic Squadron and was thereafter transferred into European waters until 1893.
The gunboat was deployed a second time to the Mediterranean between 1893 and 1904, when USS Bennington went to the Pacific and worked along the Pacific coastlines of South and North America for over four years. This included several trips to Hawaii.
USS Bennington went to the Far East in 1898, taking possession of Wake, which is a U.S. territory that was an atoll at the time. She also took parts in Philippines suppression and visited China and Japan. Decommissioned shortly after that trip in 1901, the ship was overhauled and re-commissioned in 1903 to work with the Pacific Squadron. In 1905, a boiler explosion that killed more than 60 people and left the ship half sunk and beached. The vessel was towed to San Francisco Bay, and was not repaired. In 1910 the USS Bennington was sold, converted to a barge, moved to Hawaii and employed her use until the mid-1920s when she was scuttled at sea.
CV-20 Deployments - Major Events
|Add a CV-20 Shellback Initiation ||Add a CV-20 Deployment - Major Event |
||Deployment / Event
|DEC||1942||-||Keel Date: 15 DEC 1942|
at New York Naval Shipyard
|FEB||1944||-||Launch Date: 28 FEB 1944|
|APR||1944||-||NOV||1946||World War II Pacific Theatr April 1944 Decomissioned Nov. 1946|
|JUN||1944||-||Shellback Initiation - 10 JUN 1944 - Pacific Ocean|
|JUL||1944||-||Shellback Initiation - 20 JUL 1944 - Pacific Ocean|
|AUG||1944||-||Commissioned: 6 AUG 1944|
|NOV||1956||-||DEC||1957||Suez Canal crisis|
|JAN||1961||-||JUL||1961||West Pac-Viet Nam|
|DEC||1961||-||JUL||1962||West Pac-Viet Nam|
|JAN||1963||-||JAN||1976||West Pac-Viet Nam|
|FEB||1964||-||AUG||1964||West Pac-Viet Nam|
|MAR||1965||-||OCT||1965||West Pac-Viet Nam|
|AUG||1966||-||AUG||1966||West Pac-Viet Nam|
|NOV||1966||-||MAY||1967||West Pac-Viet Nam|
|APR||1967||-||Shellback Initiation - 20 APR 1967 - Pacific Ocean|
|APR||1967||-||Shellback Initiation - 23 APR 1967 - Pacific Ocean|
|APR||1967||-||SEP||1967||Yankee station South China Sea 1967|
|NOV||1967||-||NOV||1967||Pick up Apollo 4 capsule|
|JUL||1968||-||Shellback Initiation - 21 JUL 1968 - Pacific Ocean|
|JUL||1968||-|| || ||Shellback Initiation - 21 JUL 1968 - Pacific Ocean|
|JAN||1970||-||Decommissioned: 15 JAN 1970|
CV-20 General Specifications
Class: Essex-class aircraft carrier
Named for: Battle of Bennington
Complement: 2600 Officers and Enlisted
Length: 820 feet
Draft: 28 feet 5 inches
Flank Speed: 33 knots
Final Disposition: Scrapped in 1994
USS BENNINGTON (CV-20)
The second Bennington (CV-20) was launched 28 February 1944 by New York Navy Yard
sponsored by Mrs. Melvin J. Maas
wife of Congressman Maas of Minnesota; and commissioned 6 August 1944
Captain J. B. Sykes in command.
On 15 December Bennington got underway from New York and transited the Panama Canal on the 21st. The carrier arrived at Pearl Harbor 8 January 1945 and then proceeded to Ulithi Atoll
where she joined TG 58.1
8 February. Operating out of Ulithi she took part in the strikes against the Japanese home islands (16-17 and 25 February)
Volcano Islands (18 February-4 March)
Okinawa (1 March)
and the raids in support of the Okinawa campaign (18 March-11 June). On 7 April Bennington's planes participated in the attacks on the Japanese task force moving through the East China Sea toward Okinawa which resulted in the sinking of the Japanese battleship Yamato
light cruiser Yahagi
and four destroyers. On 5 June the carrier was damaged by a typhoon off Okinawa and retired to Leyte for repairs
arriving 12 June. Her repairs completed
Bennington left Leyte 1 July and during 10 July-15 August took part in the anal raids on the Japanese home islands.
She continued operations in the western Pacific
supporting the occupation of Japan until 21 October. On 2 September her planes participated in the mass flight over Missouri (BB-63) and Tokyo during the surrender ceremonies. Bennington arrived at San Francisco 7 November 1945 and early in March 1946 transited the Panama Canal enroute to Norfolk. Following pre-inactivation overhaul
she went out of commission in reserve at Norfolk 8 November 1946.
The carrier began modernization at New York Naval Shipyard 30 October 1950 and was recommissioned 13 November 1952. Her shakedown lasted until May 1953
when she returned to Norfolk for final fleet preparations. Between 14 May 1953 and 27 May 1954 she operated along the eastern seaboard; made a midshipman cruise to Halifax
Nova Scotia; and a cruise in the Mediterranean. At 0811
28 May 1954
while cruising off Narragansett Bay
the fluid in one of her catapults exploded
setting off a series of secondary explosions which killed 103 crewmen and injured 201 others. Bennington proceeded under her own power to Quonset Point
to land her injured.
Moving to New York Naval Shipyard for repairs she was completely rebuilt during 12 June 1954-19 March 1955. On 22 April 1955 the Secretary of the Navy came aboard and presented medals and letters of commendation to 178 of her crew in recognition of their heroism on 26 May 1954. Bennington returned to operations with the Atlantic Fleet until departing Mayport
8 September 1955 for the Pacific. She steamed by way of Cape Horn and arrived at San Diego one month later. The carrier has since served with the Pacific Fleet making two Far Eastern cruises.
[Note: The above USS BENNINGTON (CV-20) history may or may not contain text provided by crew members of the USS BENNINGTON (CV-20) or by other non-crew members and text from the Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships]