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USS Franklin (CV-13) was an Essex-class aircraft carrier launched in 1943 and active in World War II in the Pacific against Japanese forces. She was damaged in service three times, over a thousand of her crew killed or wounded, and during these battles she was the scene of heroism and great effort on the part of her crew. She was awarded four battle stars.



  • Summer 1944. Franklin supported air strikes against the Bonins on three different trips.
  • July 1944. She supported air strikes against Guam and Rota.
  • July 1944. Strikes against Iwo Jima, Chichi Jima, and Haha Jima.


  • Oct. 15, 1944, near Luzon. An enemy bomb hit the deck edge elevator; 3 were killed and 22 wounded.
  • Oct. 30, 1944, off of Samar. Three bombers on a suicide mission attacked Franklin; the second crashed through the gallery deck. 56 were killed and 60 wounded.
  • March 19, 1945, off the coast of Honshu (the largest island of Japan). Franklin was hit by two aerial bombs; 724 were killed and 265 wounded. Amazingly, the ship, which was engulfed in flames, was saved by the efforts of the remaining crew.

CV-13 Deployments - Major Events

Add a CV-13 Shellback Initiation Add a CV-13 Deployment - Major Event
Month Year to Month Year Deployment / Event
DEC 1942 - Keel Date: 7 DEC 1942
at Newport News Shipbuilding & Drydock Co. Newport News VA
OCT 1943 - Launch Date: 14 OCT 1943
JAN 1944 - Commissioned: 31 JAN 1944
JUL 1944 - AUG 1944 Middle Pacific
JUL 1944 - AUG 1944 Sea Trials
FEB 1947 - Decommissioned: 17 FEB 1947

CV-13 General Specifications

Class: Essex-class aircraft carrier

Named for: USS Franklin (1775)

Complement: 2600 Officers and Enlisted

Length: 820 feet

Draft: 28 feet 5 inches

Flank Speed: 33 knots

Final Disposition: Sold for scrap in 1966