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USS TULARE

(AKA-112)

Ex Tridente Pax

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USS TULARE (AKA-112 ) - a Tulare-class attack cargo ship

In Commission 1956 to 1986

AKA-112 Deployments - Major Events

Add a AKA-112 Shellback Initiation Add a AKA-112 Deployment - Major Event
Month Year to Month Year Deployment / Event
FEB 1953 Keel Date: 16 FEB 1953
at Bethlehem Pacific Coast Steel Corp. San Francisco
DEC 1953 Launch Date: 22 DEC 1953
JAN 1956 Commissioned: 12 JAN 1956
JUN 1964 - Shellback Initiation - 5 JUN 1964 - Pacific Ocean
FEB 1966 - OCT 1966 West Pac-Viet Nam
NOV 1972 - Shellback Initiation - 11 NOV 1972 - Pacific Ocean
JUN 1974 - Shellback Initiation - 5 JUN 1974 - Pacific Ocean
AUG 1975 - JAN 1986 Home Port Move - San Diego To Alameda
MAR 1986 Decommissioned: 31 MAR 1986

AKA-112 General Specifications

Class: Tulare-class attack cargo ship

Named for: Tulare County

Complement: 435 Officers and Enlisted

Displacement: 9190 tons

Length: 564 feet

Beam: 76 feet

Flank Speed: 20 knots

Final Disposition: In reserve at Suisun Bay Benicia California



USS TULARE (AKA-112)



Tulare (AKA-112) was laid down under a Maritime Administration contract as Evergreen Mariner (MA hull 32) on 16 February 1953 at San Francisco Calif. by the Bethlehem Pacific Coast Steel Corp.; launched on 22 December 1953; sponsored by Miss Carolyn Knight daughter of the governor of California Goodwin J. Knight; renamed Tulare and designated as AKA-112 on 10 June 1954. The ship was then converted to an attack cargo ship by her building yard; turned over to the Navy on 10 January 1956; and commissioned on 12 January 1956 Capt. Donald W. Todd in command.


After a year's operations off the west coast punctuated by one round trip to Pearl Harbor Tulare departed San Diego on 11 February 1957 for her first deployment to the Western Pacific. In the course of her operations in the Far East she participated in amphibious exercises at Buckner Bay Okinawa; called at four Japanese ports: Yokohama Yokosuka Sasebo and Shimoda; visited Sydney Australia; Singapore; and Pusan Korea before returning via Pearl Harbor to San Diego on 26 September. She then took part in amphibious exercises off the west coast until November 1957 when she entered the Long Beach Naval Shipyard for repairs.


The ship's second deployment to the Far East took her to Yokosuka and Sasebo Japan; Okinawa; Hong Kong; Guam; the Philippine Islands; and Pearl Harbor before she returned to San Diego on 16 March 1959. In the spring and summer of that year Tulare operated in the San Diego area and took part in Operation "Twin Peaks." Standing out of San Diego on 13 October she headed west for extended operations in oriental waters highlighted by a goodwill tour of eight Japanese cities. The first few months of 1960 saw the ship participating in Operation "Blue Star " the largest amphibious operation in the western Pacific since the landings at Inchon Korea in September 1950. After returning to San Diego on 29 April 1960 Tulare operated locally in exercises off the west coast with troop and cargo lifts until sailing for her fourth deployment to the western Pacific on 19 June 1961. Her special duty on the out-bound voyage was to carry cargo to Wake Island. After unloading there Tulare continued on to Japan. Following two weeks at Yokosuka the ship visited Beppu Japan and headed for Inchon and Pohang Korea to take part in Operation "Sharp Edge " in which she embarked 300 Army troops with their equipment. Tulare then visited Hong Kong and several Japanese ports during the summer and early fall of 1961. En route to the Ryukyus in October Tulare was designated command ship for search and rescue operations for merchantmen Pioneer Muse and Shiek both aground off Kito Daito Shima. While Tulare directed the operation Princeton (CVS-37) arrived on the scene and contributed her Marine helicopters which plucked the survivors from the stranded ships.


Soon after reaching Okinawa Tulare participated in Operation "Warm Up " with other units of Amphibious Squadron 3. On 16 November 1961 the ship departed the Far East for the west coast and arrived at San Diego on 12 December 1961.


On 6 October 1962 Tulare sailed for her fifth tour in the Orient. Five days out she assumed new duties as an acting amphibious assault ship for Amphibious Squadron 3 after Iwo Jima (LPH-2) had received a summons to the Atlantic Fleet during the Cuban Missile Crisis. Operating in this capacity for two weeks the attack cargo ship steamed for Subic Bay where she loaded all supplies and ammunition originally earmarked for Iwo Jima. Primed for action Tulare remained on alert for the first two months of the deployment. The easing of tensions however allowed the ship to return to a routine operating schedule. She later took part in SEATO Operation "Jungle Drum II" off Thailand before visiting Nagasaki Sasebo and Yokosuka in March and April of 1963.


She returned to the west coast in the middle of April for overhaul and local operations in the San Diego area including various phases of amphibious underway and operational readiness training. Operations "Pine Tree" and "Cherry Tree" occupied her during the spring of 1964 before she departed the west coast on 18 June for her sixth deployment to the western Pacific.


After initial routine cruising Tulare evaded typhoons in late July and early August before tensions flared suddenly in Southeast Asia. North Vietnamese torpedo boats attacked Maddox (DD-731) and Turner Joy (DD-951) on 2 and 4 August. Tulare quickly loaded marines and equipment headed south and joined Task Force (TF) 76 in maintaining a posture of readiness in the South China Sea. After returning to Okinawa and making a brief yard stop at Subic Bay in the Philippines the attack cargo ship was ordered in November 1964 to the coast of Vietnam. However before she could join American naval forces operating off Vietnam her orders were changed to allow for local operations between Okinawa and Japan. About a fortnight later the ship headed home and arrived off San Diego on 18 December.


Early in 1965 the ship participated in Exercise "Silver Lance " at Camp Pendleton Calif. involving over 50 ships and 10 000 marines - the amphibious force gearing itself to conditions expected in a landing in Vietnam. After spending March and April 1965 in port at San Diego the ship conducted underway and re-fresher training in May. Then the stepped-up tempo of operations in Southeast Asia resulted in the ship's making two special voyages to Japan and Okinawa carrying troops and equipment.


Tulare returned to the west coast late in the year but soon was deployed again to WestPac departing the west coast on 12 February 1966 and steaming via Hawaii to Chu Lai Republic of Vietnam. She off-loaded her cargo between 6 and 9 March and then proceeded via Sasebo to Okinawa. The ship later returned to Chu Lai with 47 vehicles and 1 211 tons of other cargo. For the remainder of the year she operated in the Orient visiting Buckner Bay Okinawa; Subic Bay Philippines; Hong Kong; Bangkok Thailand Camranh Bay Phan Rang and Tuy Hoa Vietnam; and Yokosuka and Sasebo Japan. During the year 1966 the ship steamed a total of 43 397 miles; transported 2 076 men 8 891 tons of cargo and 483 vehicles; spent 50 days off Vietnam in combat-related operations; and conducted 16 underway replenishments to ships of the Fleet on duty in the South China Sea.


After being drydocked at Richmond Calif. upon her return to the west coast Tulare conducted training through late September before she got underway for the Hawaiian Islands on 18 October. She deployed to WestPac with cruises to Subic Bay and Okinawa before getting underway for Vietnam on 4 December. She relieved Washtenau County (LST-1166) in providing logistic support for Amphibious Ready Group (ARG) Alfa at Danang on 6 December. Underway on the 8th she operated for the next 11 days with ARG Alfa before being relieved by Wexford County (LST-1168) on 19 December. From Christmas of 1967 Tulare conducted lifts in support of marines battling North Vietnamese and Viet Cong forces in the vicinity of Hue and Cua Vet. She returned to Subic Bay for overhaul on 29 January 1968.


As war continued to rage over devastated and troubled Vietnam the United States' involvement became progressively deeper and Tulare continued her support operations until returning to the west coast late in the summer of 1968. On I January 1969 the ship was redesignated LKA-112. She commenced her 10th WestPac deployment on 30 January 1969 departing San Diego in company with Paul Revere (LPA-248) Belle Grove (LSD-2) Alamo (LSD-33) Cook (APD-130) Tortuga (LSD-26) and Valley Forge (LPH-8) bound via Pearl Harbor and Okinawa for Southeast Asia. She arrived in her operating area off Vietnam on 7 March and delivered her cargo on the following day before returning to sea to be replenished while underway by Caliente (AO-53) Niagara Falls (AFS-3) and Maetaponi (AO-41). She conducted local operations between the Philippines and Okinawa before arriving in her operating area on 8 July to take part in three and one-half weeks of operations supporting Operation "Brave Armada" while serving with the amphibious ready group.


After a run from Danang to San Diego Calif. in which she transported marines she subsequently rendezvoused with gunboats Defiance (PG-95) and Welch (PG-93) on 27 October off the coast of Mexico before steaming to Acapulco Mexico early in November. She conducted local operations out of San Diego for the remainder of the year 1969 and ended the year preparing for an upcoming voyage to the Far East.


Getting underway from San Diego for Vietnam on 23 January 1970 Tulare steamed independently and arrived at Danang on 10 February. She embarked marines and loaded cargo soon after her arrival and returned home on 2 March. The ship got underway from San Diego for the Mare Island Naval Shipyard Vallejo Calif. on 23 March and arrived there two days later to commence overhaul. Drydocked from 22 April to 21 May Tulare emerged from the shipyard on 30 June and got underway for the San Diego operating area and refresher training which lasted until 11 September. On 21 September the ship commenced preparations for another WestPac deployment; and she got underway on 2 November for Okinawa.


From 1971 to 1973 the ship conducted regular deployments in Support of American operations in Vietnam up to the time of the American withdrawal from that area in February 1973. Thereafter she conducted troop and cargo lifts to American bases on Okinawa Japan and the Philippine Islands supporting the American military presence in the Far East. In between these WestPac deployments Tulare operated off the southern California coast participating in local operations and amphibious exercises.


Removed from the active amphibious force on 1 July 1975 and assigned to the Naval Reserve Force Tulare operated from San Francisco actively involved in the Naval Reserve Training Program into 1979.


Tulare received 11 battle stars one Navy Unit Commendation and one Meritorious Unit Commendation for Vietnam service.

[Note: The above USS TULARE (AKA-112) history may or may not contain text provided by crew members of the USS TULARE (AKA-112) or by other non-crew members and text from the Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships]